It is estimated that human beings have painted pictures six times longer than written texts. The oldest known paintings are cave paintings. Usually, the paintings depicted a human being or an animal and they were done with colors found from nature which were mixed with water.
Paintings that were made on linen fabric or wooden panel were invented in the Middle Ages. European painters focused almost entirely on spiritual themes in the Middle Ages. Their paintings were ordered by the churches and cloisters.
Later in the Middle Ages and during the renaissance more earthly themes entered the paintings, such as natural sceneries, personal portraits, still life paintings, and everyday life activities. The Renaissance changed the painter’s role. The almost anonymous painters of the Middle Ages were gradually linked to their paintings. Knowing the artist became important with paintings.
After the Second Industrial Revolution, photography gradually replaced painting as a method of portraying nature and people. Paintings began to more and more reflect the painter’s own subjective views. The modernism aims to revolutionize art. Non-figurative art attempts to depict the world without referring to it visually. The most valued feature of the modern art became its authenticity.